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The Philippines

Niche #1 Philippines

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The Philippines, named after Spain’s King Philip II, consists of 7,100 islands with three major regions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Over 170 languages are spoken with 8 major dialects. Before Spanish colonization, Filipinos had their own culture, arts, literature, religious beliefs, and social structures. All were influenced by kapwa‐connection to our shared identity.

Gador Vessel (Circa Early 1950’s)

From the island of Mindanao, the Maranao of Lake Lanao have carried on the ancient Malayan method of brass casting using the lost wax process. The distinctive designs laid alongside the form create a series of okkil designs such as the aluk-aluk, matiburon (round), lapis (double bar), and unsod (zig-zag).

Courtesy  of PASACAT

Bakget Woman’s Belt (Circa 1960’s)

From Tadian, Mountain Province this woman’s belt has colorful zig-zag patterns representing the mountain and star motifs. It is accentuated with fringe made of rope. It is worn around the waist over the gabuy skirt.

Courtesy  of PASACAT

Ifugao Headdress (Circa 1960’s)

Made from rattan and decorated with red woven cloth, feathers, and sometimes different species of animals to show pride as a hunter. The wooden bulul (rice god) figure on top for goodluck in planting and harvesting seasons

Courtesy  of PASACAT

Postcard (Circa 1920’s)

These studio photographs were popular gifts to loved ones in the 1920’s. Presumed to be a photograph for Manila Carnival.

An inscription on the back writes: “Ala-ala sa aking Tio Lepe, Tia Aguing at mga pinsan. -Elba”

Courtesy  of PASACAT

Replica of Ancient Candle Holder Found in Batangas (Modern)

The boat-like shape draws connection to the Manunggul burial jars that provide striking instances of the social and cultural links between the archaeological past and ethnographic present.

Courtesy  of PASACAT

Want to Learn More About This Exhibit?

Check out our presentation slide show to get an in-depth look at the history of Filipinos in the military.

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